Feedback Loop

Electronics are needed to measure the current, scan the tip, and translate this information into a form that we can use for STM imaging. A feedback loop constantly monitors the tunneling current and makes adjustments to the tip to maintain a constant tunneling current. These adjustments are recorded by the computer and presented as an image in the STM software. Such a setup is called a constant current image.

In addition, for very flat surfaces, the feedback loop can be turned off and only the current is displayed. This is a constant height image.


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