All Application & Technical Notes

Nanoscience Instruments White Papers

Measuring the advancing and receding contact angle on a tilted surface

App Note | Technology: Optical Tensiometry

Superhydrophobicity, Oleophobicity, and Contact Angle

Introduction Superhydrophobic and oleophobic surfaces are receiving increased attention because of their potential to provide breakthroughs in applications such as anti-fouling, self-cleaning, and anti-freezing. Contact angle measurements are often used to characterize the properties of these surfaces. However, the low wettability of these surfaces presents…

App Note | Technology: Electrospinning

Controlling temperature and relative humidity for electrospinning and electrospraying sample development

Over the past decade, the emergence and evolution of electrospinning and electrospraying manufacturing techniques have accelerated the development of various applications including tissue engineering, drug delivery, filtration, and energy storage. Both electrospinning and electrospraying have grown in popularity because of many specific advantages over more…

App Note | Technology: Quartz Crystal Microbalance

Effect of Excipients, Storage, and Formulation Conditions on Therapeutic Protein Stability

Why are protein – container enclosure interactions important? During manufacturing, storage and delivery processes, therapeutic proteins encounter several surfaces and materials, such as metals, glasses, oils, and polymers. These can range from stainless-steel production vessels to glass prefilled syringe delivery devices. The inherent surface-active nature…

Langmuir-Blodgett roll-to-roll deposition

App Note | Technology: Langmuir Blodgett

What is Langmuir-Blodgett Roll-to-Roll Deposition?

Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) deposition is a well-established method for generating monolayers of sample onto a substrate. A layer of molecules (or nanoparticles) are placed at the interface and compressed with barriers until they form a monolayer at the air-liquid interface, then a substrate is dipped through…

Paper charging in the Phenom SEM

App Note | Technology: Scanning Electron Microscopy

Reduce Charging in SEM Using Low Voltage Imaging

Introduction The scanning electron microscope (SEM) is a powerful tool for taking very high magnification images of a variety of materials. It generates an image by scanning a beam of electrons across a sample’s surface and detecting the electrons generated through sample interactions. This type…

Contact angles demonstrating hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces

App Note | Technology: Optical Tensiometry

Cleanliness and quality control testing by contact angle – how clean is my surface?

Contamination can have a wide variety of undesirable effects in manufacturing processes such as polishing, surface treatment, coating application, and etching. Some sources include finger oils from handling, atmospheric dust and dirt, and process lubricants. While best practices such as personal protective equipment use and…

Powder surface as seen in an optical tensiometer

App Note | Technology: Optical Tensiometry

Measuring the contact angle, surface free energy and wettability of powders

For powdered materials such as pharmaceuticals, dyes, proppants, and foods, wettability is an important parameter to characterize. As the powders are immersed into a liquid, fluid may wick into the interstitial spaces between powder particles through capillary forces. The wettability of the powder can be…

Top of an InGaN microrod LED structure

App Note | Technology: Cathodoluminescence

Development of novel UV LED technology using cathodoluminescence inspection

Learn how Cathodoluminescence can be used to develop and produce efficient UV LED devices In this application note you will learn Challenges of growing efficient bulk UV LEDs Performing inspection with conventional optical microscopy techniques Benefits of using cathodoluminescence for studying UV LED devices Excerpt…

TEM images of Gold Silicon Dioxide with nickel nanoparticles from three sources

App Note | Technology: Spark Ablation

Why are nanoparticles important in heterogeneous catalysis?

How the VSParticle spark ablation technology can help with heterogeneous catalysis Developing the mainstream heterogeneous catalysts of tomorrow requires a fundamental understanding of today’s state-of-the-art catalysts. Today’s catalysts are generally composed of metallic nanoparticles (e.g. Pt, Ru, Ni, Co) deposited on an oxide support (e.g….

Image of tilting contact angle

App Note | Technology: Optical Tensiometry

Optical Tensiometry as a Tool to Measure Coating Properties and Substrate Adhesion

How can Optical Tensiometry Characterize Coatings? Coatings are used to modify the properties of the substrate that they cover and are ubiquitous in our everyday lives. They can have functional, protective, and/or aesthetic purposes. One everyday example of a coating is the touchscreen on a…

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